Located in central Orange County, the city of Fountain Valley, California, is a middle-class residential area that is home to almost 60,000 residents, as of 2009 California Department of Finance estimates. The city is located at an elevation of about 20 feet above sea level, a lower elevation than most of the rest of the area, which accounts for its sloping hills in the southwest region of the city. It is bordered to the east by the Santa Ana River.
The area was originally inhabited by the Tongva people and then was settled further when Manuel Nieto was given a land grant for Rancho Los Nietos, which included more than 300,000 acres, including what today is Fountain Valley. The city incorporated in 1957, and today makes up an area of nearly nine square miles. It gets its name from a reference to the area's high water table and the artesian wells that existed at the time it was named. Median household income for city residents is nearly $80,000.
The city is home to two hospitals: the Fountain Valley Regional Hospital, with 400 beds, and Orange Coast Memorial Hospital, with 230 beds and a medical clinic. Main businesses in the city include the headquarters for Hyundai Motor Company, D-Link Corporation, Kingston Technologies and Surefire, LLC. There are 18 churches, one synagogue and one mosque in town. Attractions include Mile Square Regional Park and three 18-hole golf courses. The city has its own newspaper, the Fountain Valley View.
Public schools in the city are operated among the Fountain Valley, Garden Grove Unified and Huntington Beach Union High School districts. In Fountain Valley are three high schools, three middle schools, nine elementary schools, one K-12 school and two K-8 schools. Additionally, Coastline Community College offers degree programs and continuing education courses. For getting around the area, several bus lines are operated by the Orange County Transportation Authority, and most of the city's major roads contain bicycle lanes in addition to traditional vehicle lanes.